Currently, the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the outcomes of laparoscopic liver resections (LLR) is poorly defined. This study attempts to evaluate the impact of BMI on the peri-operative outcomes following laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy (L-LLS).
A retrospective analysis of 2183 patients who underwent pure L-LLS at 59 international centers between 2004 and 2021 was performed. Associations between BMI and selected peri-operative outcomes were analyzed using restricted cubic splines.
A BMI of >27kg/m2 was associated with increased in blood loss (Mean difference (MD) 21 mls, 95% CI 5–36), open conversions (Relative risk (RR) 1.13, 95% CI 1.03–1.25), operative time (MD 11 min, 95% CI 6–16), use of Pringles maneuver (RR 1.15, 95% CI 1.06–1.26) and reductions in length of stay (MD -0.2 days, 95% CI -0.3 to −0.1). The magnitude of these differences increased with each unit increase in BMI. However, there was a “U” shaped association between BMI and morbidity with the highest complication rates observed in underweight and obese patients.
Increasing BMI resulted in increasing difficulty of L-LLS. Consideration should be given to its incorporation in future difficulty scoring systems in laparoscopic liver resections.
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Published online: May 02, 2023
Accepted: March 30, 2023
Received in revised form: March 19, 2023
Received: January 25, 2023
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
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