Nephron-sparing surgery is the recommended surgical management of T1 renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, non-clear cell RCC (nccRCC) is heterogeneous and included many histological types. Therefore, the present study was performed to compare radical nephrectomy (RN) versus partial nephrectomy (PN) in nccRCC.
Materials and methods
Within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry (2000–2019), the patients with nccRCC were identified. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and the log-rank test were conducted. Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to explore the prognostic factors.
A total of 7575 patients with nccRCC were included, of which papillary RCC (n = 5219) is the major histology. Kaplan-Meier plots and log-rank tests showed that nccRCC patients who underwent RN had significantly worse overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) than those who received PN (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis also revealed that RN was significantly associated with poor OS and CSS in nccRCC patients. Stratified by histological types, the multivariate analysis also revealed that RN was significantly associated with poor OS in papillary and chromophobe (all P < 0.05). Besides, the multivariable analysis indicated that RN was associated with poor CSS in papillary RCC (P < 0.05). For other histology, the patients who received RN had a comparable survival to those who received PN.
For patients with T1 nccRCC, our findings revealed that PN was not inferior to RN in OS and CSS. PN may be also the preferred option for T1 nccRCC, but more prospective studies are required to validate this finding.
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Published online: March 16, 2023
Accepted: March 12, 2023
Received in revised form: January 22, 2023
Received: November 24, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
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