Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare malignant disease. Adding of the Ki67 proliferation index to the PSOGI PMP classification provided two different subcategories of the extensive HG-PMP group (HG-PMP ≤15% and HG-PMP >15%) with different survival in a previous unicentric study. This study aims to carry out an external and multicentre validation of this new proposed classification.
It was a prospective analysis of samples from a historical and international cohort of patients. A representative area with higher cellular density was used to determine the Ki67%. The Ki67 proliferation index (%) was determined in all the HG-PMP patients. A Cox proportional hazard models and multivariable COX models were used. The Kaplan–Meier method and the two-tailed log-rank test were used to analyse the effect of different PSOGI-Ki67 categories on OS and DFS. Its predictive accuracy was analysed using Harrel's C-index and the ROC curve. The calibration was performed using the calibration plots matching.
After exclusions, 349 patients were available for analysis. The 5-years OS were 86% for LG-PMP, 59% for HG-PMP≤15, 38% for HG-PMP>15 and 42% for SRC-PMP (p = 0.0001). The 5-years DFS were 49% for LG-PMP, 35% for HG-PMP≤15, 16% for HG-PMP>15 and 18% SRC-PMP (p = 0.0001). The discrimination capability of PSOGI-Ki67 was validated.
Conclusion: the PSOGI-Ki67 classification discriminates and predicts the OS and DFS in patients with PMP dividing the HG-PMP category into two well-defined sub-categories. The Ki67 proliferation index should be incorporated routinely in the pathology report for these patients.
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Published online: March 14, 2023
Accepted: March 9, 2023
Received in revised form: March 2, 2023
Received: November 2, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
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