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Intravenous lidocaine infusion compared to thoracic epidural analgesia in cytoreductive surgery with or without heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy. A retrospective case-cohort study

Published:November 17, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2022.11.096

      Abstract

      Background

      Intravenous (IV) lidocaine is a proven analgesic therapy but has not been evaluated in extensive procedures such as cytoreductive surgery (CRS). Our aim was to assess the effectiveness and safety of IV lidocaine in this setting.

      Methods

      This is a retrospective hybrid case-cohort study investigating analgesic effectiveness and complications of perioperative IV lidocaine at 1.5 mg/kg/h for 48 h compared to thoracic epidural anaesthesia (TEA) among patients undergoing CRS in a high-volume centre.

      Results

      Sixty patients were included, 20 received IV lidocaine and 40 underwent TEA. Pain scores were low (median ≤2) and similar in both groups (p = 0.88). At 72 h, the lidocaine group had a lower median pain score (p = 0.03). Overall opioid consumption in the first 48 h was lower in the lidocaine compared to the TEA group (median 0 (IQR 0–9.5) mg vs. 45.4 (0–62.4) MME respectively, p = 0.001). Opioid consumption was also lower in the lidocaine compared to the TEA group during the whole 5-day period (median 1 (IQR 1–13.5) mg vs. 112 (36.6–137.85) MME respectively, p = 0.000). The incidence of PONV was significantly lower in the lidocaine group (27.5% vs 5%, p = 0.047) with no difference in other complications or length of in-hospital stay.

      Conclusion

      Intravenous lidocaine infusion may be a safe and effective analgesic approach in CRS and is associated with a significant reduction of opioid use and PONV compared to opioid-containing TEA.

      Keywords

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