Outcomes of palliative surgery for bone metastasis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the era of targeted therapy

Published:November 25, 2022DOI:



      The introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors has revolutionized treatment strategies for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and has improved survival rates. The number of patients with bone metastases from RCC requiring surgery will increase as survival rates improve. However, there is insufficient evidence to standardize the treatment of bone metastases after the introduction of targeted therapy for metastatic RCC. We aimed to determine the outcomes of palliative surgical treatment of bone metastases in the extremities of patients with metastatic RCC.

      Materials and methods

      We retrospectively reviewed 26 lesions from 17 patients who underwent surgery for extremity and acetabular bone metastases and were treated with targeted therapies for advanced RCC between 2008 and 2020. The median follow-up duration was 19 months (range, 4–76). We assessed the patients’ activities of daily living, quality of life, and pain and analyzed their postoperative values relative to preoperative values. Postoperative overall survival (OS), local progression-free survival (LPFS), and the factors affecting them were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test.


      The 5-year OS and LPFS rates were 39.5% and 65.6%, respectively. The factors affecting OS were sex, Katagiri score, visceral metastases, and preoperative targeted therapy, while the factors affecting LPFS were pathologic fractures and surgical technique.


      In this study, the postoperative outcomes of palliative surgery for bone metastases from metastatic RCC were good. We suggest that systemic treatment should be prioritized over local control for advanced bone metastasis in RCC and surgery before pathological fracture should be performed for local control.


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