Improved preoperative immunonutrition has been shown to decrease the length of stay (LOS) and complications among patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal cancer surgeries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether preoperative immunonutrition supplementation decreases postoperative LOS, infectious complications, and morbidity in patients undergoing irreversible electroporation (IRE) surgery for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC).
At a regional hepatopancreatobiliary referral center within an academic medical center 71 patients receiving IRE treatment of LAPC were included in the study. The participants were divided into those receiving preoperative immunonutrition (n = 44) and those receiving no supplemental preoperative immunonutrition (n = 27). Main outcomes and measures were LOS, postoperative complications, nutritional risk index (NRI), and albumin levels.
Patients in both groups were similar for preoperative nutrition parameters and operative therapy. Patients in the immunonutrition group experienced a statistically significant decrease in postoperative complications (p = 0.05) and LOS (10.7 vs. 17.4, p = 0.01), and less of a decrease in nutritional risk index (−12.6 vs. −16.2, p = 0.03) and albumin levels (−1.1 vs. −1.5, p < 0.01).
Preoperative immunonutrition was clinically significant in decreasing postoperative complications, LOS, and improving post-surgery NRI and albumin levels in patients receiving elective IRE treatment of non-resectable pancreatic cancer. These results indicate that preoperative immunonutrition is effective and feasible in this subset of cancer patients.
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Published online: January 19, 2017
Accepted: January 4, 2017
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd, BASO ~ The Association for Cancer Surgery, and the European Society of Surgical Oncology. All rights reserved.